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Common Conformational Defects


Back at The Knee When the knees, viewed from the side, tend to extend backwards.
Calf Knees Knees that are shallow from front to back.
Cow Hocks Hock which, when viewed from behind, turn inwards, as in a cow.
Ewe Neck The top line of the neck is concave and the lower line convex.
Sickle Hocks Hock which when viewed from the side have a concave line in front of the hocks and a slanting cannon bone.
Herring-gutted When the horse has an upward slope from front to back on the underside of the belly.
Over at The Knee When the knees protrude forwards.
Roach Back When the spine has an exaggerated upward curve.
Sway Back Where the Back has an exaggerated hollow, commonly seen in older horses.
Splay-footed Where the toes turn outward
Slab-sided Where the ribs are flat, rather than "well-spring".
Tied in Below The Hock When the measurement of bone just below the knee is less than that farther down the cannon bone.
Pigeon toes Toes that turn inwards.


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