The Trakehner is very similar in appearance with the Thoroughbred. In 1732 people began to breed this horse in an organized fashion and the Royal Trakehner Stud Administration in East Prussia, which is now part of poland, was formed. A large amount of Arabian and Thoroughbred blood was incorporated in upgrading this horse. Improving the Trakehner became very important towards the end of the eighteenth century. The Royal Trakehner Stud Administration started to wean out the breeding stock that was considered to be inferior. Doing this made the Trakenher very popular as a carriage horse and an army remount. This horse was known for being elegant and tough at the same time. During World War II the breed had drastically declined because of a Russian invasion. The numbers dropped from more than 25,000 to only about 1,200. Luckily the trakehner did not die out and the breed was able to increase its numbers as time went on.
In today's world the Trakehner is prized for having good conformation, a spirited temperament and good endurance. This horse is used to improve other breeds and for English competition such as carriage driving, eventing and show jumping. This is a very athletic breed of horse.